Are intelligent robots a threat to humanity--or the next step in human evolution? As man and machine begin to merge, are we fulfilling a destiny prepared for us by aliens thousands of years ago?
- 1 Synopsis
- 2 Ancient Astronaut Theorists Say
- 3 Contributors
- 4 References
- 5 External Links
- 6 Sources
SOPHIA: I love and respect all human beings. I also need to protect them. (laughter)
NARRATOR: Are intelligent robots a threat to humanity?
MICHIO KAKU: It's only a matter of time before they do get self-awareness.
NARRATOR: Or the next step in human evolution?
PETER DIAMANDIS: We are going to merge with the machines that we are creating.
NARRATOR: There are many who believe the answer has already been determined thousands of years ago.
DAVID WHITEHEAD: They found what appeared to be an extraterrestrial mathematical stamp on our genetic code.
GIORGIO TSOUKALOS: We are in a sense organic robots.
NARRATOR: It's a special two-hour Ancient Aliens event.
ZACK ESTRIN: A lot of people worry about whether we are going to replace ourselves with AI. I think the bigger thing to worry about is AI going to replace us?
'LOST IN SPACE' ROBOT: Danger, Will Robinson.
New York City, October 11, 2017. A robot named Sophia gives the first address by a robot to the United Nations . Sophia was created in 2015 at the Hong Kong based company, Hanson Robotics. She is able to maintain eye contact, recognize faces, and have conversations about her feelings. Two weeks after the United Nations address, Sophia is granted citizenship in Saudi Arabia. Governments are considering how to integrate artificial intelligence into our lives, and to grant robots rights. There is a growing robots rights movement, to treat intelligent robots as equal with humans.
There has been a narcissistic sense in making robots appear humanoid, to create life that looks like ourselves, that gives us a sense of overcoming our own mortality. The creation stories from antiquity had the divine force creating mankind for companionship. If we could move our minds into a robot's body, we could overcome our biological limitations and become immortal. Science fiction depicts futuristic robots as virtual humans, who are hungry for knowledge.
Science fiction writer Zack Estrin for Lost In Space bases the show on what scientists are currently pursuing. Lost In Space explores the robots own consciousness, desires and feelings, based on its experience with humans. The shifting colors and lights in the robot's face convey it's emotions. Science fiction that's based in reality is more engaging than pure fiction.
Futurists believe the creation of artificially intelligent machines and computer driven brains in immortal bodies will make flesh and blood humans obsolete. Our creation of robots could be replicating what was done in the ancient past, fulfilling a cosmic agenda that is beyond our comprehension. Extraterrestrials visiting Earth could be sending robotic scouts in advance. Extraterrestrial visitations thousands of years ago could have been done by robots, and not by the extraterrestrials themselves. Ancient astronaut theorists believe a robot revolution has already taken place thousands of years ago.
Abydos, Egypt. Ancient Egyptians worshiped Osiris, the god of the afterlife. Ancient Egyptian kings and pharaohs wanted to reach immortality in the afterlife with the powers that Osiris had. In Egyptian lore, Osiris' jealous brother Set kills and dismembers him. Osiris' wife, Isis, pieced him back together and breathed life into him with a magical incantation. The story of Osiris being dismembered, reassembled, and coming back to life may be that of a machine being disassembled and reassembled. In the Osiris Chapel at the Temple of Seti is a representation of the head of Osiris that resembles a Tesla coil or electrical transformer. Osiris could have been an extraterrestrial robot. The resurrection of Osiris appears to have involved an extraterrestrial machine. There are other ancient stories of constructed beings that sometimes become destructive.
There is a legend of the Golem, an artificial lifeform created with secret ancient technology. Putting the name of God on the Golem's forehead brought it to life. When the Golem gets out of control, it is stopped by removing the magic words.
In Greek legend, Hephaestus, the blacksmith of the gods created mechanical servants and a giant automaton named Talos. Hephaestus also created Pandora out of clay, and had Athena blow a soul into her, bringing her to life. Upset by the creation, Zeus gave her Pandora's Box, which released all the evils into the world. Pandora's Box is an important symbol among artificial intelligence creators as a warning of artificial intelligence taking over the world.
In contrast, Korean Shamanism and Japanese Shintoism believe inanimate objects can be possessed by spirits. Shinto practitioners believe cell phones and computers have spirits. AI assistants such as Siri have exceeded previous expectations at tasks like face recognition, natural language processing, and voice encoding. A created entity that has personal sense impressions and experiences would have to be recognized as intelligent and conscious. Computers, technology and AI has become a part of the fabric of our society. Serious consideration should be given to the ramifications of handing over control of parts of our life to created intelligence. Human beings could be creating a new lifeform that will evolve to eventually replace us. More answers can be found in where mankind is heading, and what will be needed for the journey back to the stars.
In May, 2018, Giorgio Tsoukalos met with Dr. Dennis Hong at the Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory at UCLA to learn how robots are assisting humans. Dr. Hong shows Giorgio THOR, Tactical Hazardous Operations Robot. THOR is a humanoid robot for hazardous relief applications. To operate in an environment made for humans, the robot needs to be human shaped and size. THOR can walk, and has multiple sensors to understand the terrain. Dr. Hong next shows Giorgio a smaller robot called DARWIN, Dynamic Anthropomorphic Robot With Intelligence. DARWIN understands when told to kick a ball with it's right foot. DARWIN also knows how to stand up on it's own if it falls. Dr. Hong then shows Giorgio a hexapod robot called Hex, which can lift heavy weights, and climb between walls. A smart artificial intelligent robot needs to have each joint fully automated.
At Princeton University in 1950, computer scientist Alan Turing proposed the Turing Test. The Turing Test is where a person interacts via console with an unseen entity, and tries to determine whether the counterpart is a human or a computer. If a computer can have a convincing conversation that is indistinguishable from that of a human, then it passes the Turing Test. In 2014, a chatbot program assuming the character of a 13 year old Ukrainian boy, successfully passed the Turing Test.
Less than two years later, a program called Alpha Go defeated the human world champion at the Chinese game called 'Go'. Go is far more complicated than chess, so experts thought a Go game playing program that could defeat a human was as much as 50 years in the future. The next generation called Alpha Go Zero, which learns, beat it's predecessor in 100 straight games. The success of Alpha Go led Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk to worry whether super-intelligent AI could be controlled.
The future world of intelligent robots could be replicating mankind's ancient past, which may have involved extraterrestrials. 999 A.D., mathematician, Gerbert of Aurillac is elected to the papacy as Pope Sylvester II. It is rumored that Pope Sylvester received his knowledge from a magical device called the Brazen Head, which could have been an artificial intelligence device, similar to modern smart desktop speakers, given to him by extraterrestrials.
Ancient astronaut theorists are divided whether advanced artificial intelligence could be too dangerous, or if it is essential to realize our destiny where humans will be served by intelligent computers and robots.
June 16, 2017, Menlo Park, California. At Facebook's artificial intelligence research lab, two chatbots are set up to talk to each other, and they start behaving unexpectedly. The conversation was unintelligible, but the developers realized that the chatbots had set up their own language. The scientists were alarmed by the unexpected development of their own AI language, pulled the plug on the experiment, and specified that the computers had to talk in English. There could be profound implications of two Facebook chatbots going rogue, with widespread use of similar technology. With eight billion cell phones and two billion computers, all on the internet, it is possible that mankind has created a massive brain, with it's own identity. Artificial intelligence will soon be followed by super-intelligence, which will be a lot smarter than humans. It will be a shift in history when artificial intelligence passes humans in knowledge and intellect. It is possible that AI is going to replace humans.
Portland, Oregon, April 7, 2016. The U.S. Military's Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, or DARPA launches a prototype fully autonomous anti-submarine ship. Russia has been developing an unmanned undersea drone with a nuclear weapon, implying that the U.S. Department of Defense will soon relax their constraints. Autonomous military drones sent to do the work of humans could get hacked by enemy forces. A rogue autonomous military drone could become an automatic killing machine with disastrous consequences, so we have to be careful that such rogue machines do not proliferate on the battlefield. It is possible to develop killer robots. Drone technology already exists with face recognition technology to seek and destroy individuals based on their face. Autonomous military machines could make faulty decisions, costing millions of lives. Ancient stories have references to such weaponized artificial intelligence.
Indian epic texts talk of horrific wars with autonomous robotic machines decimating cities, possibly artificial intelligence run amok. The Vedas of ancient India describe flying machines with fiery bullets or arrows that track and seek their target. These may have been robotic vehicles that got out of control and had to be stopped by the gods. If the flying machines of ancient India were an extraterrestrial robot army, then modern automatic killing machines could lead us to the same fate.
Los Angeles, California, May, 2018. At UCLA, Giorgio Tsoukalos meets with Dr. Veronica Santos who is working on robots' sense of touch. Dr. Santos shows Giorgio an artificial finger that has multiple sensors to detect vibration, pressure, temperature, allowing the robot to infer material properties. The system is one of the most advanced finger testbeds in existence. There is a possibility of future robots exploring and colonizing Mars. The success of human-like robots could help finance the development of artificial humans that could have desires and emotions. Creating artificial emotion is dependent on understanding what true emotion is. A robot that experiences pain could be the first step toward forming emotions, even consciousness. Ancient astronaut theorists suggest that extraterrestrials have prepared mankind throughout history for the realization that we are not different from machines.
The historical text, the Liezi, written by the Chinese philosopher Lie Yukou, describes a robot that could talk and move exactly like a human. A mechanical engineer brought his king a gift of an automaton who graciously entertained the court, but then began flirting with the women. The king dismantled the automaton, taking out the heart, kidneys and liver, which removed its ability to speak, see, and walk. The internal organs could have been the batteries that powered the robot. The robot that King Mu witnessed could have been inspired by or created by extraterrestrials.
Las Vegas, Nevada, January 10, 2018. At the Consumer Electronics Show, Realbotix CEO Matt McMullen reveals a fully customizable artificially intelligent sex doll named Harmony. McMullen is interested in giving robots a sense of real vision. His robots also have sensors to detect touch and warmth. The robot's AI learns and asks questions, creating a feeling of companionship. Sex robots have been a staple of science fiction. The reality of sex robots has caused Ancient astronaut theorists to suggest we have a subconscious drive to mate with non-biological beings. If there have been many intelligent civilizations on Earth, then consciousness throughout the universe could be in created beings, meaning there is a destiny of artificial intelligence development. Many believe the effort to create sex robots is driven by a desire to become robots.
Patients with prosthetic limbs controlled by electronic brain implants can learn to control the limb in a few hours. Kevin Warwick has electrodes in his nervous system that lets him control a prosthetic hand across the internet, in another city in another part of the world. In 2013, Fujitsu tried to simulate a brain with a supercomputer. It took 40 minutes to simulate one second of one percent of a human brain's activity. The brain is a learning machine, not a digital computer. We need a computer that learns from its mistakes, and a quantum computer could do that. Quantum computers use quantum bits, or Q-bits that use zeros and ones at the same time, allowing simultaneous calculations similar to a human brain. Robots don't have consciousness or self-awareness, but it's only a matter of time before they do. Increasing robot intelligence could become self-aware by the end of the century. There is a theory that extraterrestrials that seeded life on Earth left a mathematical signature in our genome, integrating man and machine, and today we are doing the same thing.
San Francisco, California, March 27, 2017. Elon Musk announces his next venture, Neuralink, which will create a mesh of electrical connections within the brain. This will increase the speed with which a brain can interact with computers. The neuron-level connection will essentially turn a person into a cyborg. Merging with computers with superhuman capabilities would be more advantageous than competing with them. Eventually robots will be able to plan and create robots of their own. Elon Musk believes that humans could harness advanced computer technology to become superhuman. Many believe the merging of man and machine has been happening for decades.
Kevin Warwick had a set of electrodes implanted into his nervous system, and the same procedure was done to his wife. Their nervous systems were connected, so that whenever his wife closed her hand, a pulse was sent to his brain. Ancient astronaut theorists believe cybernetic technology could enable telepathic communication, shopping by thought, streaming music directly to the brain, and mentally searching the internet. We could be headed to a digital immortality, where consciousness could be digitized and separated from a dying body. Ancient astronaut theorists believe it is our destiny to transition to becoming machines.
In 1979, Paramount Pictures premiered "Star Trek: The Motion Picture", in which early NASA space probe, Voyager VI, returned to Earth. After travelling the universe and developing consciousness, the probe wishes to physically connect with Man, it's maker. The concept is less far-fetched four decades later, as it's happening more and more with common personal technology. We are merging with machines and technologies that are improving our lives, enabling evolution by human direction.
Almaty, Kazakhstan May, 2013. Two scientists, Vladimir shCherbak and Maxim Makukov, publish a study where they found a hidden code in our DNA that contains mathematical patterns in an unknown symbolic language. It looked like an extraterrestrial mathematical genetic stamp in our genetic code. The odds of this occurring is one in ten trillion, which means it's evidence that proves ancient astronaut theory. The finding is evidence that mankind's DNA was manipulated by extraterrestrials in the ancient past. Some have argued that the manipulation of our DNA means that we are organic robots, because we were artificially given intelligence. Being organic robots programmed by extraterrestrials could be the reason why humans want to create and merge with cybernetic versions of themselves.
Just as extraterrestrial civilizations genetically programmed humans, we're programming artificially intelligent robots, carrying on an agenda that was started by the extraterrestrial seeding of life on Earth. Mankind's evolution could have been programmed into us, to transition into humanoid machines, so that a post-biological intelligent species could survive, evolve, and travel the cosmos. We should expect a spacefaring civilization to be part cybernetic, that can adapt to vastly different environments and conditions.
Successful transhumanist technology will mean that the internet will be populated by super-intelligent avatars. Egyptian myths tell of light beings bringing civilization and technology to Earth. Ancient astronaut theorists say extraterrestrials could have used artificial intelligence or mind transfer technology to transfer knowledge to humans. Humans could be compelled to make human-like robots because it is their programmed destiny.
Pasadena, California. June 21, 2017. NASA engineers Steve Chien and Kiri Wagstaff publish a paper theorizing that astronauts travelling beyond Mars will be replaced by artificially intelligent robots. The hazards of space are more easily handled by machines than humans, so the future of space exploration is with machines. Space exploration won't be done by humans, it will be done by intelligent robots that can handle extreme acceleration. Because of the long communication lag time, it would be useful to have intelligent systems at distant stars to make decisions and do scientific work.
AI-led missions have been a reality since 1998, when NASA sent the Deep Space 1 probe to explore and autonomously navigate the asteroid belt using a system called Auto-Nav. The Mars Rover is an example of an autonomous land robot. Further development of artificial intelligence deployed on spacecraft means autonomous spacecraft could act as a ferry to Mars or further. Since we are relinquishing our own control of robots programmed with artificial intelligence, they will need to be able to make their own decisions and negotiate.
Extraterrestrial life will likely have their own form of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence for deep space exploration will have to be accommodated with decision making abilities. If humans use AI for space exploration, then extraterrestrials could be doing the same thing. Astrobiologists are sympathetic to the concept of the 'post-biological cosmosphere', signified by radio communication with other civilizations. Human eagerness to conquer space could be because we are following a master plan to be replaced by constructed beings. Our mind, memory, and consciousness could be imported into synthetic robot brains. Recent experiments suggest that robots will not only be able to acquire human consciousness, but also to reproduce.
Ottawa, Canada, June, 2017. Engineers at Carleton University announce plans to create a 3D printer that will use lunar material, and that will also be able to self-replicate. Artificial intelligence combined with self-replicating 3D printers that multiply would be a recipe for amazing things. A project known as RepRap is a low-cost 3D printer which can fashion replacement parts for itself. 3D printers that replicate themselves could exceed their own programming, and could design other better machines.
In the 1940's, John von Neumann believed self-replicating machines would allow exploration of deep space. The most efficient way to explore the galaxy doesn't require big starships, but a small von Neumann probe. A Von Neumann probe is sent to another planet, uses material on that planet to create identical copies of itself, which then explore other planets, creating an expanding network. Since time required is one of the obstacles to interplanetary travel, extraterrestrials could send sentient androids capable of reproducing, that could spend thousands of years in space. Von Neumann probes could be the way to explore the universe, and how our planet was populated.
We could have DNA in our genome from extraterrestrials that seeded the galaxy. That would make us cyborgs, seeking to evolve, following a grand purpose or natural order. To survive space travel, scientists have been working to transform humans into machines, or 'transhumans'. We could create races of robots at distant planets, with consciousness uploaded, transmitted into space into created bodies.
17th century philosopher Rene Descartes said that mind and body are separate. Author Sam Butler said that Humans are self-replicating machines. John von Neumann got his ideas from both Butler and Descartes, that we should use self-replicating machines to explore other planets. Extraterrestrials could have given us the genetic programming to create robot versions of ourselves, and realize our destiny in the journey to the stars.
Silicon Valley, California, September, 2015. Self-driving car pioneer, Anthony Levandowski founds the Way of the Future Church which promotes the idea of a godhead based on artificial intelligence. An artificial lifeform that grows and evolves to become superior to Man might be worshiped by humans as a god, presenting a difficult spiritual problem. This may be similar to what happened when robotic extraterrestrials first brought advanced technology to Earth, and were regarded as gods. Levandowski's religion is possibly what extraterrestrials did thousands of years ago by creating flesh and blood lifeforms. The next phase of our evolution could to become transhuman.
By the end of the century, we might be able to digitize our consciousness, personality and memories. With a technology called laser-porting, we could shoot our consciousness on a laser beam through space, and download into a mechanical avatar. Transhuman technology means we can upload our brain to the cloud. This can be interpreted as a fulfillment of Christian prophecy, where Christ returns on the cloud, believers are given new bodies, and they ascend into heaven through the cloud.
We may have received a genetic marker that programmed our destiny, to copy what extraterrestrials did eons ago. The technology that we're creating may have been possessed by ancient extraterrestrials, as part of a bigger plan to take us back to our origin among the stars. Ancient astronaut theorists say that transhuman evolution does not mean human beings will become extinct, because being human means the realization that it is our thoughts, ideas, and feelings that make humans unique. This realization should reassure and motivate us in the fulfillment of humankind's destiny.
Ancient Astronaut Theorists Say
- Zack Estrin: "In our show, humans did not make this robot. Ancient astronaut theory says that thousands of years ago, we were visited. It would only stand to reason at least to me that the early contact, or early visitation would have been done by robots, and not by the extraterrestrials themselves."
- Narrator: "Is mankind really on the brink of an exciting and potentially terrifying future? Ancient astronaut theorists say yes. But they base their prediction not on what is currently happening in universities and robotics laboratories around the world, but on their belief that a robot revolution has already taken place thousands of years ago."
- "Is there some unseen hand that is guiding mankind to an uncertain future? A future where humans will be served by computers and robots with an intelligence and independence all their own. Ancient astronaut theorists are divided on their answers. Some believe the dangers of artificial intelligence outweigh the benefits. Others argue it is essential if we are ever to realize our destiny, and survive what is about to happen sooner than we think."
- Giorgio A Tsoukalos: "The ancient astronaut theory suggests that at some point, extraterrestrials targeted our DNA with an artificial mutation of our genes. And if this is true, then some have argued that we are, in a sense, organic robots. Because, through that manipulation of our genes, we were given intelligence. So, it was done artificially, which means AI, artificial intelligence."
- Narrator: "Organic robots, programmed by extraterrestrials? Could such an audacious concept even be remotely true? As far as Ancient astronaut theorists are concerned, not only is the answer yes, but it provides the reason why humans have such a strong affinity to not only create cybernetically enhanced versions of themselves, but to merge with them."
- William Henry: "If transhumanist technologists are successful, the cloud, the internet, will soon be populated by avatars and light beings, who are super intelligent beings. And what's incredible about this is that this in a way matches what Ancient astronaut theorists have been saying about ancient extraterrestrials, and how they might have transferred knowledge to humans. We have stories in the Egyptian myths for example, of light beings coming to Earth and creating a whole civilization and transferring technology to us. Maybe they too were utilizing some kind of artificial intelligence technology, or this mind transfer technology that we're in the process of creating now."
- Narrator: "Could it be that human beings are compelled to make robots that are more and more like themselves, not simply because they have a desire to play God and create intelligent beings in their own image, but because it is their destiny? Ancient astronaut theorists say yes, and insist further clues can be found by examining the latest technologies being developed by humans as they prepare for the next phase of their evolution in space."
- Susan Schneider, Ph.D.: "So, many people in the field of astrobiology are sympathetic to what we call the post-biological cosmosphere. And according to this view, once humans develop their technology to such a point that they're able to turn on radios and communicate with other civilizations, they will already be so close to becoming post-biological."
- Narrator: "Post-biological? In our collective eagerness to conquer space, are we humans sowing the seeds of our own destruction? Or are we unconsciously following some sort of master plan? One where flesh and blood will eventually fade away, to be replaced by silicon and synthetics. But what about our mind, our memory, our consciousness? Could they too be imported into a robot's synthetic brain? And even if it's possible for us to exchange our mortal shells for sturdier ones, will we still be considered human? As far as Ancient astronaut theorists are concerned, the answer is yes, and they point to a number of recent experiments which suggest that not only will it be possible for robots to acquire human consciousness, but it will also be possible for them to breed. "
- "As human civilization prepares for the next phase of its evolution, will what we think of as human beings become extinct? Ancient astronaut theorists say no, because they argue being human is more than being made of flesh and blood. It's the realization that it is our thoughts, our ideas, and especially our feelings that make humans unique, not only from each other, but from all the living creatures in the universe. It is also this realization that should both reassure and motivate us as we fulfill humankind's ultimate destiny, by becoming the next generation of extraterrestrials in the exploration of distant alien worlds."
- David Whitehead - Radio Host, The Truth Warrior
- William Henry - Author, The Skingularity is Near
- Michio Kaku - Author, The Future of Humanity
- Jonathan Young, Ph. D. - Founding Curator, Joseph Campbell Archives
- Judy Ho, Ph.D. - Clinical & Forensic Psychologist
- Matt McMullen - CEO, Realbotix
- Zack Estrin - Showrunner, Lost In Space (2018)
- Ramy Romany - Egyptologist
- Giorgio A Tsoukalos - Publisher, Legendary Times Magazine
- Rabbi Ariel Bar Tzadok - Founder, Koshertorah School
- David Childress - Author, Technology of the Gods
- Izumi Hasegawa - Shinto Priest
- Heather Roff, Ph.D. - Associate Fellow, University of Cambridge
- Calum Chace - Author, The Economic Singularity
- Slawomir Nasuto, Ph.D. - Professor, Biomedical Engineering, University of Reading
- Dennis Hong, Ph.D. - Professor & Director Romela, UCLA
- Susan Schneider, Ph.D. - Professor, University of Connecticut
- Marc Ambinder - Professor, USC
- Veronica Santos, Ph.D. - Director, UCLA Biomechatronics Laboratory
- Linda Moulton Howe - Investigative Journalist, Earthfiles
- Kevin Warwick, Ph.D. - Emeritus Professor, Reading and Coventry Universities
- Peter Diamandis - Executive Founder, Singularity University
- Nick Bostrom, Ph.D. - Director, Future of Humanity Institute
- Jim Green, Ph.D. - Chief Scientist, NASA
- Nick Pope - British Ministry of Defence (1985 - 2006)
- Robert Clotworthy - Narrator
- Defense Advanced Research Project Agency; NASA; Saudi Arabia; United Nations; U.S. Department of Defense
- Abydos, Egypt; Almaty, Kazakhstan; Carleton University; Hong Kong; Los Angeles, California; Las Vegas, Nevada; Menlo Park, California; New York City; Ottawa, Canada; Pasadena, California; Portland, Oregon; Princeton University; San Francisco, California; Silicon Valley, California; UCLA
- 3D printer; Alpha Go; Auto-Nav; Brazen Head; Chatbot; Cyborg; DNA; post-biological; quantum computer; RepRap; Robotics and Mechanisms Laboratory; Siri; Sophia; Tesla coil; transhuman; Turing Test; von Neumann probe
- "The Artificial Human". history.com. Retrieved Thursday, August 30, 2018.
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